By admin - Posted on 26 August 2011
It has been 2 years now since we started the Homeward Bound journey in the Form of a 2 page Newsletter and now we are proud to present to our AESM Families the first edition of the 12 page Homeward Bound Magazine . We hope to make this magazine a Quarterly issue . We extend our gratitude to all those who have contributed all through these 2 years - both through ideas as well as content . It is our aim to reach out to every member of our Seafarers' family through the Homeward Bound. We recently held a Drawing Competition for our Kids and you will see the Winning Entries in this Magazine. We will be extending this Drawing Competition for the next issue as well and we hope to receive more Pictures from you all.
As our Families and their needs grow , it becomes increasing important to ensure we have the Security in place to take care of unforseen and sometimes unfortunate events in our lives. In this regard Anglo Eastern has been one of the first to introduce Free Cashless Medical Insurance for the families as well as Accident Cover during leave . We have all our Ten Thousand odd sailing staff covered under this Scheme. We take pride in standing by our Staff during their worst times and to ensure this our dedicated 24 hour Welfare Cell has been a Pillar of Strengh to our Seafarers.They have been doing a commendable job and we thank them for their untiring efforts.
A special mention here is required of our CSR initiative - ANAVI- What was started by a group of like minded seafarers and their wives under the leadership of our own Mr Maneesh Pradhan (who heads our Kolkata Branch Office) has blossomed into a beautiful movement , caring and sharing for the underpriviliged. We pray that they go a long way and reach other Cities as well.
Hope you enjoy this magazine in its new form .To read more about the Homeward bound please visit our website www.homewardbound.in . We would love to hear your feedback as well so we can improve further. Please do write to us at email@example.com or by post to the Editor Homeward Bound and send the contributions to any of our Offices across the country.
A DAUGHTER'S EXPERIENCE ONBOARD THE RAINBOW STAR
I am Neayaati Priydarshni Singh. I study in Ryan International School, Kharghar. During my summer vacations I was onboard the Rainbow star for about 45 days. My mother, my little sister and myself, we enjoyed a lot during our stay onboard. I would like to share my experience onboard.
It was such a lively place with people from different parts of India living like a huge family. Chief Cook Uncle cooking for everyone always with a smile, so many varieties of food and sweets. Few Uncles stay awake the whole night to keep the ship sailing safely and smoothly. I can imagine how difficult it must be to stay awake the whole night. At ports they are awake for almost 12-15 hrs then rest for few hours and again back to work. In port my father also used to be very busy most of the time. When sailing he used to sit with us in the evening. We sometimes played scrabble or carrom or watch movie.
I saw that everyone waits for party onboard. We had 2 parties and I saw everyone enjoy, play and dance. Our team won the Antakshari. In the party everyone forgets how tired they were at the port or during the day.
Chief Cook Uncle used to make smiley on my bread, Bosun uncle tied a swing for us. They also tied a net on the bridge wing railing for our safety. Chief officer Uncle used to teach me Magic tricks in the evening sometimes. During the day my mother used to help me complete my English, Hindi, Maths and Value Education home work. One day I saw a Double Rainbow. My father told me it is called Secondary rainbow. I also saw dolphins twice. We went ashore 'Kinara' at 3 places, always by boat. It was not allowed everywhere because of some security.
This was my 5th Ship. I love sailing with my father. We had a wonderful time on the ship. The love & affection I got from everyone onboard made it difficult to bid them GOODBYE. When returning Papa stayed back, he will come in another 1 month. I miss him a lot.
- Neayaati Priydarshni Singh (Std. III), D/O Capt. Gyanendra Singh
EQUITORIAL CROSSING CEREMONY
Crew on board M.V.RYA RAD were excited when their captain announced Equatorial crossing ceremony for four new recruits. They knew, as soon as the announcement was made, it has to be a fun loving ceremony and all together decided that despite vessel's hectic schedule between ports in Amazon River-Brazil, all on board have to give their best inorder to welcome the new recruits in to OLD SEADOGS ASSOCIATION. Preparations commenced accordingly.
Chief officer "Lopatin VOLODYMYR" played the role of LORD NEPTUNE and the Oiler "Niraj Kumar Singh" played Queen Venus. The ceremony was held traditionally and the four new recruits , <br>
(1) CDT-DEVESH TANDON <br>
(2)J/E-ALLAN TONY ABRAHAM <br><br>
(3)TR.CK-AQUEEL KHANDWAWALA <br><br>
(4)STSM-TOM SIMON PULLADAN,
were traditionally drenched & decorated with paints, drinks, punches etc and bowed down before Lord Neptune seeking his permission for entry in to the Sailors world.
They were served with traditional Punch and given a stylish hair cut following the ceremony and all of them were issued with a Equatorial Crossing certificate welcoming them in to our world.
2/E Nitin Agarwal's wife Ms. Vidushi Gupta was excited throughout the ceremony and actively participated in the ceremony. She was gifted with a Equatorial participation Certificate.
Overall, the celebrations was fun and definitely a stress reliever for the much stressed up crew and each crew member's active participation made the whole event very enjoyable.
The celebration was followed by a party in the evening.
Donning of immersion suit during the training on board the M.T. Atlantic Grace
KNOW YOUR COLLEAGUE
Capt David Powell joined the Merchant Navy in 1975 as a direct entry cadet with Shipping Corporation of India. He joined Anglo eastern when KC Maritime merged with Anglo eastern in the year 2005. His last tenure was on the Vale Brazil. Vale Brasil was delivered on 30th March 2011 and is a 4,00,000 tonne ore carrier that was built for the mining giants.
Capt Powell has shifted domicile thrice in the recent past.
The family first shifted from Mumbai to Goa in 1995. They have recently shifted to Ooty in order to give their twin daughters a better education. Their children study at Hebron International School and are presently in Grade 10. Mrs. Powell teaches French to the middle school at Hebron International. This is a radical change for her from her former job as an airhostess which she left in the year 1993.
Capt Powell and family have during this vacation, moved into their new house in Ooty.
SWEDEN - THE LAND OF GODS
Sweden, or Sverige as it is known to its natives, is one of the loveliest of the Scandinavian countries. Sweden is one of the top 5 most developed countries of the world, with the third highest HAD index. And I am one of the lucky few to have seen it with my own two eyes.
As a pre-teen, whenever I heard or read about Sweden, it was always about bone-chilling winters, or the vast and majestic ice covered landscape. The pictures shown to us as children were always of pristine winters, reminding us of the fairytale-like Christmas¡¯ we read only in books.
And hence, I could not believe my golden (or should I say snow-topped) luck when I was chosen to be sent to Sweden as an ambassador from India by my college Smt. Parvatibai Chowule College of Arts and Science. The exchange program was initiated by the Athena Exchange Program under the European Union to promote better cultural understanding between youth of different continents.
The Gymnasium (high schools are known as gymnasiums in Sweden) we had an exchange with, was the Tullinge Gymnasium. My batch was the second batch going on an exchange program. One of my seniors had gone to Sweden the year before, bringing back pictures and stories of a highly developed place, making me all the more determined to go there.
The selection process started off with an essay titled ¡°why I wish to go to Sweden¡±, based on which a total of 20 students from FYBSc, FYBA and 11th grade Arts were shortlisted, keeping personality and academic performances in mind. We were then briefed on how the final selection of just 12 students would be made.
In the last week of November 2010, the Swedish delegation arrived, consisting of 12 students and 3 faculty members. I got my first glimpse of them at the Bogmalo beach, Vasco, the day they arrived itself. Meeting them made me realize that they were so different from us and yet the same. During their stay, our college i.e. the 20 shortlisted students plus the 3 faculty members of our college, arranged to take them around Goa, showing them whatever we could about Goa, India, our culture, lifestyle, our outlook on life, our dreams and aspirations¡¦ their return to Sweden was a very tearful one because at that point of time, I dint know if I was going to get selected as all 20 of us were fighting tooth and nail to be the chosen ones.
After a painfully long wait, the list of the 12 selected students was out and I was literally jumping with joy to see my name there. As the days ticked by, I grew more and more excited hearing stories about Sweden from my dad, Capt. Savio H. DSilva.
Then came 14 March 2011. The DAY. None of slept the previous day out of excitement. We took the flight from Goa to Doha and then the connecting one to Sweden. As we were approaching Europe, our faces were plastered to the airplane windows, drinking in the beauty of another world below us. And then Sweden came, finally, after 8 long months and an 18 hour long flight.
The moment I got there, I knew that any trouble I had gone through to get there was totally worth it. At the airport, we were greeted with warm clothes and an even warmer hug by the students and teachers who had come to Goa earlier. It was freezing outside. And I mean FREEZING! The day we arrived, the temperature was -7 deg Celsius. The minute we stepped out of the airport, we doubled over due to the cold. Our Swedish counterparts laughed and told us to thank our stars that it was a warm day. Apparently their winter temperatures go upto -27 deg Celsius. We arrived in the very beginning of spring. The official definition of spring in Sweden is when the average daily temperature exceeds 0¡ÆC for 7 days in a row.
We were put up at the af Chappman. It is a ship, converted to a youth hostel, docked in the Strommen, a water body, right in the centre of Stockholm, Sweden. We used to travel in Sweden using only our two sturdy legs and the public transport system, trains, buses, boats, and trams. During the course of our stay, we attended few lectures on Swedish culture, cuisine, language, history and had a firsthand experience of their method of school teaching.
We were taken to various places like the Tumba Bruk, a printing press which is now a museum. Ice skating, where I slipped on the skating ring, well actually everyone did, hehe. The Vasa museum, which is a museum dedicated for preserving the warship, the Vasa. A youth clinic. Skansen, the Swedish village for tourists, or more like Sweden¡¯s big foot. Nationalmuseum, the national gallery of Sweden displaying art of various centuries, including modern art. The royal armory. A home for people with acquired brain damage, aldredoende. A dance class, Bugg, a dance form of Sweden. A visit to a protestant church, Mary Magdalene¡¯s church, where there was a choir which performed a soul touching vocal performance with the help of only a tuning bell. A visit to a mosque. A ballet show (as a reward for our wonderful behavior). A cruise to the archipelago. The Tradgardsstadsskolals school. Whew!
When the day of our departure arrived, all of us had tears in our eyes, and our hearts were weeping. Sweden is like something out of this world. You cannot understand, or even imagine it, unless you have been there.
I thank god for giving me an opportunity to see his wonderful world and I remain hopeful that one day I will return to Sweden, or somewhere close to it.
- Miss. Merel D'Silva Daughter of Capt H S Di'Silva
We are pleased to extend the Drawing Competition for the Kids.
Top 10 drawings will be taken for adorning the Homeward Bound web page as well as our Greeting cards.
Also gifts and prizes will be sent to each Winner. The Drawing could be on any subject . Every contribution must be accompanied by:
- The Full name of the child
- Father/Mothers name
- School studying, and
- Complete Postal Address with Contact details.
Send in your contributions either by email to firstname.lastname@example.org or by post to:
The Editor - Homeward Bound,
Anglo Eastern Ship Management (India) P. Ltd.,
303 - 3rd Fl. Leela Business Park,
Andheri - Kurla Road, Andheri (E),
We look forward to participation from you and your family.
Here are the Winners of the last Drawing Competion. Exciting Prizes will be sent to these Little Winners.
|Drawing by Bhavya Yuvraj Handa, Son of Capt Bharatdeep Handa
Age: 8 years
| Drawing by Bhavya Yuvraj Handa , Son of Capt Bharatdeep Handa,
Age: 8 years
|Drawing by Mallika Handa, Daughter of Capt Bharatdeep Handa, Age: 7 years|
|Drawing done by Vaughan D’Souza, Son of Capt Felino D’Souza|
SEAFARER - A POEM
Amid the rousing joys of home
Abruptly comes the call;
With a heavy heart he bids adieu
To his near and dear and all.
On a weary journey, dreams galore
He trudges towards the berth;
There he sights upon his Lady
His second home on earth.
Without a moment’s loss
He sets upon his quest;
To keep his Lady trim and fit
He gives his very best.
There are rules and laws too many
Getting ever stringent by the day;
There’s just no choice but cheer at things
That come his weary way.
Amid his schedule, tight so ever
He struggles to keep his hours of rest;
With umpteen rules and regs at sea,
Forty winks is what he gets at best.
After days of toil upon the seas,
He steers towards the berth;
His Grand Lady in all glory
And all her mighty worth.
Then as he stands guard on the deck
Watching all and sundry march past;
No one cares to spare a thought
For him who steered Her in at last.
For all his skill and wide travel
He’s harmless as can be;
Yet they look at him with scorn
For the cause of port security.
As months go by and memories haunt
He lives with his routine;
He awaits with hope that final dawn
To embrace the ones he’s long not seen.
He returns home with tears of joy
Glad to be with family;
Till it’s time for another call
And off he goes to sea.
- Capt. Felino D’Souza - Master, M.V. Lisbon Express
ANAVI - 2nd Anniversary
It is always the 1st that counts. Perhaps because it is the most difficult to achieve. But it may not necessarily be the best. Anavi completes its 2nd year today (16th June 2011) and steps into the third.
It has been a wonderful journey from a handful of ladies in 2009 to a group comprising close to a dozen regular members and many donors. Mr. Maneesh Pradhan’s “baby” has not only started to walk, but also run and jump.
It was a humble beginning in June 2009 with a vision to make a small but significant change to the lives of people who have not been so privileged. And this simple notion, that every one of us most definitely thinks about but does not do much about, has brought Anavi where it is today.
How does an organization succeed? I am no management guru but let me share some practical experience – if there are likeminded people, following simple rules and working diligently towards a common goal – it is not very difficult. Growth may be linear, exponential or organic – I cannot say which one because we don’t have meetings where spreadsheets and pie charts are discussed but we talk about what would be more fun for a bunch of street children – a drawing completion with environment preservation as theme or a movie about overcoming odds to realize one’s dream.
In two years since inception there have been more than 30 visits to various institutes all over Kolkata and even some of them on the outskirts. Whether it is the Sunday lunch with the old ladies of Ramola Bhavan or musical show at the Sarsuna School, each visit is eagerly looked forward to and gives us a small sense of satisfaction that, we in our small way, have made a difference. Of course, the meetings every month – 90-120 minutes of planning, organizing and delegation of duties and in between joking, gossiping and celebrating birthdays or board results have become an integral part of the member’s schedules as well.
It started as Parivaar but last year we were registered and rechristened “Anavi” which means being kind to others and true to the name we try to do our best, not only as members of Anavi, but as ordinary citizens also.
Anavi is a part of Corporate Social Responsibility of the Anglo Eastern Group and it would not have been possible without their support to be where we are. The senior managers have lent their voice to Anavi and also contributed on a personal level. The website – www.aesmanavi.org has received many requests from contributors and we thank all of them. The Anglo Eastern in house magazine – Homeward bound – has a section where the activities are regularly published.
We have come far, but there is still a long way to go.
But for now- Happy Birthday!
- Imran Vora
IN LOVING MEMORY OF STEAPHEN GOMEZ
This is to bring to notice how very important it is for a Maritime Candidate to be insured by the Institute while studying or by the Shipping Company when he is at sea or at home on leave.
I wish to share my experience regarding the loss of my brother STEAPHEN JOHN AGNELLO GOMEZ in a road accident on 27th January, 2010 and how, him being insured by HIMT Chennai ( The institute where he was doing Chief Mates Phase-2 course at the time of his demise) and AESM HongKong (The Shipping Company he was working for), helped me and my family in time of need.
My brother, Steaphen Gomez, who was working as a third officer in AESM, Hongkong had enrolled for Chief mates Phase-2 course in HIMT, Chennai on 15th January, 2010. He along with a few of his class mates returned home to Kollam, Kerala for a few days leave on 23rd Jan, 2010. After a few days at home, he planned to return to college on 27th jan, 2010. There were six of them in two cars (3 persons in each car) driving from Kerala to Chennai. Steaphen Gomez was in a Maruti Swift car along with his classmates Vinu Vijay and Shibin Antony. At around 1345 hrs on 27th jan, 2010 after they had just crossed the Kerala-Tamilnadu border (Vinu was driving, Steaphen seated in the forward left seat and Shibin seated behind- All 3 of them with their seat belts on) , the car had a head on collision with a national permit lorry. Steaphen Gomez lost his life due to severe head injury, Vinu Vijay passed into an unconscious state with multiple fractures and injuries and Shibin Antony had serious abdominal injuries. Following the event i claimed my brother's body from Coimbatore Medical College and performed his last rituals at our parish Church in Kollam, Kerala .It was a difficult time for me as I had just cleared my second mates function exams and was awaiting for the issue of my COC and i had no money with me at the time. Fortunately , i was contacted by HIMT, Chennai and was requested to send in a few relevant documents ,following which RS. 1 Lakh was provided as an amount of compensation as Steaphen Gomez was insured by HIMT, Chennai under a Group policy for the candidates. They also refunded my brother's course fees of Rs.38,000 and the same was done for Shibin Antony and Vinu Vijay.
Anglo Eastern Ship Management, HongKong also compensated an amount of Rs. 20 lakhs for my brother as he was insured by them as well.
Though nothing can make up for my brother's loss, the compensations received in his name really helped me and my family in time of need. It made me realize how important it was for a seafarers to be insured by his Shipping Company( even on leave) and the Institution where he studied. I thank HIMT, Chennai and AESM, Hongkong for condoling with me for my brother's loss and helping me and my family in whatever way they could. Their noble gesture truly helped us in a big way. I hope this message reaches to as many seafarers as possible and makes them realize the importance of being insured whether at sea or at home.
With the advent of technology and its increasing burden on our time (are you on Facebook by any chance?! Do you have a smartphone?!), we all experience some level of sleep-depravity most days. We assume that a certain lack of sleep will make us more productive. Unfortunately the truth is otherwise. Most of us are more familiar with the debilitating aspects of little sleep: headaches, irritability, lack of patience with colleagues and family, loss of focus and productivity, too much junk food, weight gain or loss, nails bitten to the quick. We all know that we're supposed to take rest and get more sleep amidst exercising regularly; avoiding caffeine and alcohol; setting priorities, working efficiently, planning ahead… And yet we're more sleep-deprived than ever before, and our personal energy is getting sapped.
Here are a few points which may help you sleep better:
1. Set a Time / Alarm to clear your mental to-do list.
Leave a bad day at the office at the office. Write a list of unfinished tasks and unresolved issues before getting into bed. Put them down on paper and mule over it for 10-15 minutes so they don't take up mental space when you're set to sleep and dream.
2. Go to bed earlier.
Set yourself a bedtime and stick to it. You may feel like a child, but there's a reason parents badger kids to bed.
3. Follow a “Wind Down” routine.
Give yourself 45 minutes to relax before going to bed. Drink tea, read a book, or listen to music. Do something that soothes the nerves. Calm your frayed nerves by venting, meditating, and/or giving yourself a time out.
4. Manage your online time-or step away from it
Manage time on computer around bedtime. If you are not good at it then AVOID the computer/smartphone after a set time. Especially avoid the social networking sites and checking the mailbox. Accept the truth that browsing the WWW is not something that soothes the nerves. On the contrary it gets us more excited. Take daily vacation from net connectivity and do not feel guilty about it.
5. Take a midday nap or break
This one is a bit tricky unless you can sleep with your eyes open! But there are alternatives since the central idea is to detach and consciously slow down the body-metabolism. Take a walk to the nearest fruit-seller to pick a piece of apple, plug in music for 15 minutes in a remote undiscovered corner of the office, take deep breaths for about 10 minutes, etc.
- From Amit Suri's blog at www.irustima.com
MENTORING ON GOLDEN EYE
PICTURES OF CLASSES CONDUCTED AT SEA AND AT ANCHOR.
- Presently students are 2 cadets, Bosun & 1 A.B. - Daily 2 Hrs they are taught navigation, stability, R.O.R., & Seamanship.
- Every Sunday a test is held in the subject taught during the week. - Someday these guys will sail with me as officers and confidently I can accept them as good officers as I know I had tutored them.
- Hopefully all masters can spare atleast 2 hrs of their spare time at Sea teaching cadets & crew who are willing to learn.
-Capt.Germano.L.Dias. Master - M.V. Golden Eye.
SPOT THE DIFFERENCE / QUIZZY
Use your grey cells and solve these quiz questions! Send your answers to email@example.com with: SUBJECT: QUIZZY ANSWERS FOR HB JULY 2011.
Participants with correct answers will be mentioned and honoured in the next issue of Homeward Bound newsletter.
QUIZZY 1: A Dinner Party At a dinner party every 2 guest used a dish of rice between them. Every 3 guests used a dish of dhal and every 4 used a dish of meat between them. There are all together 65 dishes.
How many guests were present?
QUIZZY 2: Brothers and Sisters
In the Sareen family each daughter has the same number of brothers as she has sisters and each son has twice as many sisters as he has brothers. Now can you tell the number of sons and daughters in Sareen family?
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT HEPATITIS?
1. What is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis means the inflammation of the liver. This can be caused by:
- Infection-caused by viruses
o Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E
o Yellow fever virus
o Epstein Barr virus
o Cytomegalovirus virus
- Autoimmune & genetic diseases.
2. How is the infection caused and how does the infection spread?
|Hepatitis A & E
Caused by Hepatitis A & E Viruses
|Hepatitis B & D
Caused by Hepatitis B & D Viruses
Caused by Hepatitis C Virus
|Hepatitis A&E viruses are excreted or shed in faeces.
• Direct contact with an infected person’s faeces, or
• Indirect contact by faecal contamination of food, water supply, raw shellfish, hands and utensils may result in sufficient amounts of the virus entering the mouth to cause infections.
|Hepatitis B is spread from:
• Mother to child at birth or soon after birth.
• Through sexual contact.
• Blood transfusions
• Contaminated needles.
• Sharing of personal care items that might have blood on them, eg: razors, tooth-brushes, wash-cloths.
• By getting a tattoo done or body piercing without sterilization practices.
Hepatitis D is spread mainly by needles & blood. It infects only individuals infected with Hepatitis B.
|Hepatitis C is spread:
• Directly from one person to another via blood or needles.
• Mother to child spread is rare.
• Sexual transmission is rare.
3. What are the symptoms of Viral Hepatitis?
The symptoms of acute (newly acquired) hepatitis A, B, C and D are the same. They are:
- loss of appetite
- abdominal discomfort
- dark urine
- clay-colored bowel movements
- yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
4. Can one donate blood if one has any type of Viral Hepatitis?
If you had any type of viral hepatitis since age 11, you are not eligible to donate blood. In addition, if you ever tested positive for hepatitis B or hepatitis C, at any age, you are not eligible to donate, even if you were never sick or jaundiced from the infection.
5. Can one prepare meals?
If you have Hepatitis A or E, you should not prepare meals or handle food which is to be eaten by others. You are especially contagious before the symptoms of hepatitis are recognized.
If you have Hepatitis B, C or D, limitations on food handling are not necessary.
6. Should one avoid sexual activity?
Sexual activity does not seem to affect the disease or recovery. However your partner should be protected with immunization to prevent spread of Hepatitis B.
7. Should one give up alcohol?
All alcoholic beverages should be avoided during the acute phase of the disease since the metabolism of the alcohol stresses the already sick liver.
8. Does one need a special diet or vitamins?
A well-balanced diet with additional calorie rich food is normally sufficient during the illness. Multiple snacks between meals are encouraged and large meals discouraged. Avoid fatty food & have low protein diet. Vitamin supplements have no clear value with a balanced diet.
9. What are the complications of Hepatitis?
Fortunately most people recover completely from hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.
Hepatitis A is seldom fatal and most people recover completely, with no chronic sequelae after recovery from an acute attack. About 15% of patients with Hepatitis B and 50% of patients with Hepatitis C develop chronic liver disease which may be mild and slowly progressive or serious and rapidly lead to cirrhosis. A small percentage of these chronic liver disease patients may develop cancer of the liver.
10. Are there vaccines and can the disease be prevented?
A vaccine for Hepatitis A is available. (Single dose with booster after 6-12 months). Several vaccines are available to prevent Hepatitis B. They are all safe and effective and they prevent infection if started if started within a few days of exposure. The normal vaccination schedule is:
0, 1 and 6 months or 0, 1, 2 and 12 months. (No booster is recommended routinely. Immunity lasts for about 15 years).
Vaccination against Hepatitis B will prevent Hepatitis D as it occurs only in individuals with Hepatitis B.
No vaccine is available against Hepatitis C and E.
11. Are there medications for Viral Hepatitis?
Until recently there was no way to treat Hepatitis B viral infections. Interferon produces remissions of Hepatitis B and C.
Hepatitis A and E are self-limiting and require only bed-rest and well-balanced diet.
12. Are there tests to detect Hepatitis?
Various serological tests are available to detect hepatitis A, B, C, D and E viruses.
Liver function tests and urine tests are useful in detecting hepatitis.
It is recommended that all seafarers undergo serological tests for detection of Hepatitis B and also be vaccinated for the same.
Hepatitis A and E virus detection and immunization must be done only in times of epidemic and in special situations.
- Seabird Health Foundation